The various Kumbh melas, in the 19th- and 20th-century witnessed sporadic stampedes, each tragedy leading to changes in how the flow of pilgrims to and from the river and ghats was managed. , Prior to 1838, the British officials collected taxes but provided no infrastructure or services to the pilgrims. However, they have been more than a religious event to the Hindu community. According to Kama MacLean, the socio-political developments during the colonial era and a reaction to the Orientalism led to the rebranding and remobilisation of the ancient Magha Mela as the modern era Kumbh Mela, particularly after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Most pilgrims, however, say they are here to "answer the call of Mother Ganges".  Amrita Kumbher Sandhane, a 1982 Bengali feature film directed by Dilip Roy, also documents the Kumbh Mela. A copper plate inscription of the Maratha Peshwa claims that 12,000 ascetics died in a clash between Shaivite sanyasis and Vaishnavite bairagis at the 1789 Nashik Kumbh Mela.  Prayagwals too targeted and destroyed the "mission press and churches in Prayagraj". This year the gathering will be particularly huge and many believe India's Hindu nationalist government has organised it with an eye on key general elections due in the summer. One of the longest sections about Prayag rivers and its significance to Hindu pilgrimage is found in chapters 103–112 of the Matsya Purana. The most significant is the belief that the tirtha (pilgrimage) to the Kumbh Mela sites and then bathing in these holy rivers has a salvific value, moksha – a means to liberation from the cycle of rebirths (samsara). He shared the experience on Twitter with a video of himself taking the holy dip and captioned it - "Had the good fortune of taking a holy dip at the #Kumbh. Details will also be uploaded on Facebook and Twitter to help trace the missing. On amavasya – one of the three key bathing dates, over 5 million attended the 1954 Kumbh, about 10 million attended the 1977 Kumbh while the 1989 Kumbh attracted about 15 million. Evolution of earlier melas to Kumbh Melas, Akharas: Warrior monks, recruitment drive and logistics, 1857 rebellion and the Independence movement. The gap between Prayag and Haridwar festivals is about 6 years, and both feature a Maha (major) and Ardha (half) Kumbh melas. So they built a high-tech surveillance ministate", "Mauni Amavasya: Five crore pilgrims take holy dip at Kumbh till 5 pm", "Review of Pilgrimage and Power: The Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, 1765–1954", "Time Trends of Cholera in India : An Overview", "Five die in stampede at Hindu bathing festival", Kumbh Mela pictured from space – probably the largest human gathering in history, "India's Hindu Kumbh Mela festival begins in Allahabad", Kumbh Mela: How UP will manage one of the world's biggest religious festival, "Official Website of Kumbh Mela 2013 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh India", "CM reviews Kumbh Mela 2021 preparations", "Managing the Earth's Biggest Mass Gathering Event and WASH Conditions: Maha Kumbh Mela (India)", 10.1371/currents.dis.e8b3053f40e774e7e3fdbe1bb50a130d, India: Staying Healthy at “The Biggest Gathering on Earth”, "Sadhus astride elephants, horses at Maha Kumbh", "Short Cut to Nirvana - A Documentary about the Kumbh Mela Spiritual Festival", "Kumbh Mela 2013 – living with mahatiagi", "Why twins no longer get separated at Kumbh Mela", "Uncertified film screening at Kolkata gallery miffs CBFC", "India's Kumbh Mela Is Used as an Incubator for Smart City Startup Ideas", "Massachusetts Institute of Technology joins the pilgrims at the Kumbh Mela in Nashik, India to test out technology for our over-crowded cities", "From Waze for crowds to Uber for street food – MIT innovations at Kumbh Mela", "ISIS Has Just Warned India Of Las Vegas Type Lone-Wolf Attacks During Kumbh Mela", "Kumbh Mela 2019: ISIS issues threats of chemical attack, NDRF conducts mock drill", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kumbh_Mela&oldid=990573018, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Religious pilgrimage, rituals, social practices and festive events.  The festival is observed over many days, with the day of Amavasya attracting the largest number on a single day. dip into a liquid while eating; "She dunked the piece of bread in the sauce" Synonyms: dunk, scoop up by plunging one''s hand or a ladle below the surface; "dip water out of a container" immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate; "dip the garment into the cleaning solution"; "dip … L&T delivers rocket booster for India’s first human space flight, GAIL completes Kochi-Mangalore natural gas pipeline, Here’s how Trichy police have become child-friendly, Meet Pranvi Gupta, who can pronounce names of 195 countries in just 4 minutes, Karnataka: Tallest statue of Lord Hanuman will soon come up in Hampi, Teaching online can fetch lakhs as profits.  The festival is one of the largest peaceful gatherings in the world, and considered as the "world's largest congregation of religious pilgrims".
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